The following Executive Life timeline also appears on the structured settlement wiki where it will be edited and updated.
1935 - Executive Life Insurance Company of New York (ELNY) is incorporated and subsequently (in 1937) licensed as a stock life insurer company in the state of New York.
1961 - Executive Life Insurance Company of California (ELIC) is founded as a subsidiary of First Executive Corporation (FEC). FEC subsequently: 1) becomes a public company and 2) borrows $14.6 million from what is now Citibank to purchase ELNY.
1974 - Fred Carr joins FEC which then has $77 million of assets (355th among U.S. life insurers) of which $22 million represents policy loans. FEC's investment portfolio is $20 million under water. FEC is in default on its $14.6 million Citibank loan. Both the IRS and the New York Insurance Department are investigating ELNY. Touche Ross, FEC's auditors, refuses to express an opinion on its financial statements.
1986 - FEC's zenith. Shareholders' equity is more than $1.5 billion with no debt and total assets of $16.4 billion. The Ivan Boesky scandal erupts and junk bond prices begin to fall.
1987 - The New York Insurance Department disallows a number of reserve credits for ELNY resulting from questionable reinsurance treaties. ELNY admits to violating eight sections of the New York insurance code and agrees to pay a $250,000 fine. ELIC provides ELNY with a $151 million capital infusion requiring FEC to raise additional capital. Joseph Belth, an Indiana University professor and publisher of "Insurance Forum", begins writing negative reports about Executive Life. The mainstream financial press eventually echoes Belth's negative analysis questioning FEC's concentration of junk bonds. FEC and Executive Life complete over $40 billion in junk bond trades with Michael Milken and Drexel Burnam Lambert between 1982 and 1987. Executive Life's competitors promote these negative press reports to convince Executive Life policyholders to surrender their SPDA contracts.
1988 - Carr negotiates a $275 million loan for FEC from a consortium of Japanese banks.
1989 - FEC announces the sale of ELNY. With the Japanese bank loan nearing default, FEC completes a complex rights offering which raises $284 million.
1990 - The ELNY sale falls apart. FEC investors initiate a lawsuit alleging fraud. ELIC and ELNY announce a write down that eventually totals $776 million. A.M. Best's lowers ELIC's and ELNY's ratings from A+ to A. FEC becomes the most shorted stock in the United States during 1990. From July 1989 to the end of 1990, FEC's stock falls from $16 per share to 16 cents per share as its net worth declines to a negative $3 billion.
1991 - FEC loses $1 billion of its investment portfolio. Michael Milken is jailed for securities fraud. Newly elected California Insurance Commissioner John Garamendi obtains a court order seizing control of ELIC. New York's Insurance Commissioner Salvatore Curiale follows with ELNY on April 16. Both companies enter rehabilitation a status which ELNY retains to the present day. FEC files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The combined companies strand more than 500,000 policyholders, annuitants, investors, employees and agents. The annuitants include 13,500 structured settlement recipients. Commissioner Garamendi enters into a two-part sales agreement with New California Life Holdings, Inc. (New California) and Altus Finance (Altus), an affiliate of the French Bank Credit Lyonnais, in connection with the ELIC rehabilitation.
1992 - Gary Schulte publishes his book titled "The Fall of First Executive".
1993 - The 1991 ELIC sales agreement and the ELIC rehabilitation plan are modified and then approved by the Los Angeles Superior Court. Under this agreement, Altus pays $3.25 billion and acquires ELIC's $6.4 billion junk bond portfolio. The Altus purchase price includes $300 million of capital for a newly formed company, Aurora National Life Assurance Company, Inc. (Aurora) which assumes ELIC's remaining assets and liabilities including its structured settlement obligations.
1994 - ELIC's former policyholders and structured settlement recipients are given the opportunity to either opt out of the rehabilitation plan and receive the liquidation value of their existing ELIC contracts or opt in to a new restructured contract with Aurora.
1998 - An anonymous whistle-blower alleges that Crédit Lyonnais was the real buyer of ELIC and controls it through secret agreements. Because banks were prohibited from owning U.S. insurance companies in 1993, the California Insurance Department sues Credit Lyonnais and other parties alleging violations of the federal Bank Holding Company Act, the California Insurance Code and other California statutes.
2003 - Credit Lyonnais and some of the other defendants settle with the California Insurance Department for $730.5 million of which $211 million will be distributed to opt out policyholders and payees and $403 million to Aurora to supplement payments for opt in policyholders and payees.
2005 - The California Insurance Department case against the remaining defendants results in a substantial verdict including $700 million of punitive damages.
2007 - New York Governor Eliot Spitzer announces an "agreement in principle" for ELNY designed to continue paying all ELNY annuitants 100% of their benefits. The plan is intended to protect approximately 11,000 ELNY annuity recipients including approximately 8000 structured settlement recipients. The announced plan requires and anticipates future approval by the New York Nassau County State Supreme Court. The announced plan, however, whereby various insurers and guarantee associations apparently agreed to pay $650 to $750 million to fund approximately $2 billion of future ELNY payments, never materializes.
2008 - The U. S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reviews the 2005 trial court verdict in the California Insurance Department ELIC case and remands the case for a new trial on the issue of damages. A new trial court date has not yet been set.
2009 - Audited financial statements indicate ELNY has total admitted assets of $984,021,594 compared with total liabilities of $2,516,254,541 as of December 31, 2009.
2010 - A New York State Supreme Court Judge orders the Superintendent of the New York State Insurance Department to present the Court with a proposed order and plan of liquidation for ELNY on or before July 1, 2011 after the Superintendent confers with the Life Insurance Company Guaranty Corporation of New York and other interested parties. The plan is supposed to establish a briefing schedule and provide for notice to all ELNY creditors. Audited financial statements (as of December 31. 2010) show ELNY has assets of $905,945,200 compared with liabilities of $2,474,317,342 resulting in a negative surplus of $1,568,372,142. The California Insurance Commissioners distributes funds received from the 2003 Credit Lyonnais settlement to approximately 27,300 former ELIC policyholders including former ELIC structured settlement recipients (opt outs) who elected to terminate their policies.
2011 - The Superintendent of the New York Insurance Department files a motion to postpone the deadline for filing a proposed order and plan of liquidation for ELNY with the New York State Supreme Court of Nassau County from July 1, 2011 to August 10, 2011 "in order to present a comprehensive and consensual proposed Plan of Liquidation that maximizes the potential benefits for ELNY's structured settlement and other annuitants."